The same as for any product, quality is the biggest concern of all software providers. And other than a brilliant idea, wide test coverage is the shortest way to create a first-class software product, and Magento 2 is no exception.
Magento 2 has been intensively tested during the development and implementation stages asking for the same approach from the entire community. Today adopting the process of code verification and validation is the matter of survival and future success. The software development practice is abundant in this field and offers multiple test methods and approaches able to ensure the necessary quality and shorten the entire development period.
The software testing theory includes different types of tests levels and methods coming from particular development goals and needs. White-box and black-box testing approaches; static and dynamic testing methods; unit, integration, interface component, system and operational acceptance testing levels, and even a huge set of testing types – that’s just a short enumeration of available testing opportunities.
Of course, a software product or even platform is not able to include all the said above options, and it is hardly needed. On the contrary, an optimal testing strategy involves only few tests that cover maximum sensitive product aspects. Especially that possible mistakes do not always originate from the code and can be made on the design stage as well. But, the sooner we detect an error the less damage it causes, including financial costs.
Magento 2 Testing
Magento 2 Testing Guide defines six types of tests provided within the platform:
- Functional testing – refers to one of the highest testing levels and determines Magento 2 as black box analyzing the provided in the browser result from the user perspective;
- Functional API testing – allows you to test the platform and client-side application interactions through Magento 2 API;
- Integration testing – analyzes the process of interaction between two modules at different levels of isolation;
- Static testing – refers to the static code evaluation based on Magento Coding Standards;
- Unit testing – automatically tests separated objects, classes, etc. in isolation.
Magento 2 testing options are not limited to the named above basic types of tests and the platform also enables you to carry out performance, integrity, legacy tests, etc.
This way, Magento 2 offers much more opportunities for testing than the previous version of the platform and enables you to test the code, certain configurations and functionality from different angles.